Interrelation of working capital management and efficiency of the company
1Ph.D. Candidate, Azerbaijan State University of Oil and Industry, Baku, Azerbaijan
Received: 29 December 2020 Revised: 09 March 2021 Accepted: 11 March 2021 Available Online: 15 March 2021
Keywords: Efficiency of the company, working capital structure, capital management, financial cycle, liquidity
JEL classification: D24, F21
Citation: Mammadova, S. (2021). Interrelation of working capital management and efficiency of the company, Review of Socio-Economic Perspectives, Vol 6(1), 13-22.
Effective management of working capital gives the company the opportunity to create its value by reducing the need for additional funding, increasing profitability, improving liquidity, and increasing the efficiency of operations. Working capital acts as a lever for the creation of value and value for its owners. An effective management model of working capital allows a company to gain competitive advantage and increase the well-being of shareholders. The relevance of the study is due to the need for quality management in the short-term aspects of the company's activities to achieve its maximum effectiveness. The purpose of this article is to determine the nature of the relationship between the components of working capital and the effectiveness of the company in the Azerbaijan market. Working capital management is an important aspect of management aimed at increasing the competitiveness of a company and creating value for business owners and key stakeholders in the long run. To achieve long-term goals, the company must be paid and provide a level of profitability, satisfying stakeholders. As part of the study, as an indicator of the quality of working capital, the length of the financial cycle of the company was used, as well as the period of turnover of reserves, accounts payable and accounts receivable. There was also a criterion for the effectiveness of the company - an indicator of return on assets (ROA). As a basis for research, a selection of Azerbaijan small and enterprises of various industries, except for companies involved in the financial sector and the service sector, from 2015 to 2019. The course of the investigation showed that there is a significant reciprocal relationship between the long financial cycle of the company and the effectiveness of its activities. In the period between the turnover of the creditor's indebtedness and the effectiveness of the company's activity, a reciprocal relationship was also identified. With the growth of the period of turnover of receivables, the efficiency of the company's activities falls. The periodic turnover of the company's stocks and the effectiveness of its activities are also reflected in the reciprocal relationship.
Article Type: Original Paper
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