A critical study of Covid-19 pandemics on crime rates in India
Aparna Kulkarni1,· , Sarthak Singh2
1Assistant Professor, St. Xavier College, Mumbai, India
2Graduate Student of St.Xavier’s College, Mumbai, India
Received: 1 June 2021 Revised: 29 August 2021 Accepted: 2 September 2021 Available Online: 10 September 2021
Keywords: Covid - 19 pandemic, unemployment rate, crime rate.
JEL classification: C1, I1, J1
Citation: Kulkarni, A. & Singh, S. (2021). A critical study of Covid-19 pandemics on crime rates in India, Review of Socio-Economic Perspectives, Vol 6(3), 41-46.
Covid - 19 pandemic has wide ranging repercussions including the direct and massive impact on the employment sector. The sudden outbreak of this virus affected the labor market in immeasurable ways and in order to curb this menace, the need of the hour was a nationwide lockdown. As a result, people ran out of jobs and unemployment rates escalated. People were bogged down into situations of poverty, starvation, and misery. Sadly, many of them indulged in activities like robbery, dacoity, etc. in order to sustain and support their families. Thus, covid aftermath wasn’t restricted to rise in unemployment rates, but also led to spike in crime rates in India. Through this paper, we have studied the impact of the pandemic on crime rates. Our paper treats literacy rate, infant mortality rate, per capita income and unemployment rate as factors affecting crime rates, with unemployment rate being a major determinant. Multiple regression model is used to test the hypothesis that the pandemic scaled up unemployment rates, thereby leading to a surge in crime rates.
Article Type: Original Paper
Ariza Garzón, Miller, Wilson Barón, Nelson Obregón Neira, Yecica Pineda, and Francisco Velosa (2012). “Is Poverty the Mother of Crime? Empirical Evidence of the Impact of Socioeconomic Factors on Crime in India.” Atlantic Review of Economics: Revista Atlántica de Economía 1, no. 1: 6–37.
Boman, John H., and Owen Gallupe. (2020) “Has COVID-19 Changed Crime? Crime Rates in the United States during the Pandemic.” American Journal of Criminal Justice, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12103-020-09551-3.
Miller, J. Mitchell, and Alfred Blumstein (2020) “Crime, Justice & the COVID-19 Pandemic: Toward a National Research Agenda.” American Journal of Criminal Justice 45, no. 4 (2020): 515–24. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12103-020-09555-z.
Poblete-Cazenave, Ruben. (2020) “The Impact of Lockdowns on Crime and Violence against Women - Evidence from India,” 2020.
Uppal, Pradyumna. (2020) “COVID-19 WILL LEAD TO INCREASED CRIME RATES IN INDIA.” International Journal of Research-Granthaalayah 8, no. 4 (2020): 72–78. https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v8.i4.2020.9.