Evaluating an environmental tax as a source of funding for Social Health Insurance: Sudan case
Fawzia Mohammed Idris
Ph.D. candidate, Near East University, Department of Economics, Nigosa, North Cyprus
Received: 10 September 2021 Revised: 3 December 2021 Accepted: 7 December 2021 Available Online: 15 December 2021
Keywords: environmental tax, national health insurance, health financing
JEL classification: G28, H25, I13
Citation: Idris, F. M. (2021). Evaluating an environmental tax as a source of funding for Social Health Insurance: Sudan case, Review of Socio-Economic Perspectives, Vol 6(4), 1-9.
E-mail: email@example.com & ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0753-1093
Article Type: Original Paper
The majority of countries face challenges in providing social health insurance coverage to the poor. In order to improve people's well-being, this study will investigate the possibility of imposing an environmental tax in order to raise funds for national health insurance subscriptions for vulnerable families in Sudan. A qualitative analysis method depends on in-depth interviews to draw conclusions and quantitative predictions are utilized. The majority of the relevant studies focused on the impact of interventions in reducing environmental pollution, whereas this study focused on the allocation of environmental funds to pay subscriptions on behalf of the vulnerable. This study found that there is an impact of environmental pollution on health. Consequently, a mandatory law to reduce the effects of pollution on health is a necessity. Besides, there is a possibility to impose an environmental levy, which requires the formation of a team of experts from relevant bodies to determine the criteria for drafting the law. Moreover, there is a possibility of deducting a percentage of taxes already imposed on vehicles that varies according to what is agreed upon.
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