Adaptive capacity and nutritional status of households in Cameroon
Yanick Fredy Mvodo1 , François Colin Nkoa2
1 Ph.D. Student, University of Douala, Postgraduate School for Social and Human Sciences, Douala, Cameroon
2Professor of Economics, University of Yaounde II Soa, Faculty of Economic and Management, Yaounde, Cameroon
Received: 20 February 2022 Revised: 18 May 2022 Accepted: 23 May 2022 Available Online: 1 June 2022
Keywords: adaptive capacity, nutritional status, resilience, food security.
JEL classification: I12, D13, I31
Citation: Mvodo, Y.F. & Nkoa, F.C. (2022). Adaptive capacity and nutritional status of households in Cameroon, Review of Socio-Economic Perspectives, Vol 7(2), 33-46.
To cope with the various shocks that may occur in their lives, households emphasise their adaptive capacity in order to minimise the negative economic consequences they may experience, particularly in terms of food and nutrition security. This behaviour of households is a dimension of their resilience to food insecurity. The objective of this study is therefore to analyse how adaptive capacity promotes the nutritional status of households in Cameroon. Using data from the FSMS 2020 survey and statistical and logistic regression methods, the study reveals that physical and human capital contribute significantly to improving the nutritional status of households in Cameroon. These results therefore call for the strengthening of training and livelihoods to ensure better household nutritional status.
Abdul-Razak, M., & Kruse, S. (2017). The adaptive capacity of smallholder farmers to climate change in the Northern Region of Ghana. Climate Risk Management, 17, 104–122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crm.2017.06.001
Adger, W. N. (2003). Social Capital, Collective Action, and Adaptation to Climate Change. Economic Geography, 79(4), 387.
Alderman, H. 2006. Long-Term Consequences of Early Childhood Malnutrition. Oxford Economic Papers 58 (3): 450–474.
Alinovi, L., D'Errico, M., Mane, E., and D. Romano. (2010). Livelihoods strategies and household resilience to food insecurity: an empirical analysis to Kenya. Paper prepared for the Conference on “Promoting Resilience through Social Protection in Sub-Saharan Africa”, organised by the European Report of Development in Dakar, Senegal.
Behrman, J., H. Alderman, and J. Hoddinott. 2004. Hunger and Malnutrition. In Global Crises, Global Solutions, ed. B. Lomborg. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bergstrand, J. H. (1985). The Gravity equation in International Trade: Some Microeconomic Foundations and Empirical Evidence. Review of Economics and Statistics, 9(1), 91-101.
Brown, P.., N. R. . J. B. . et al, & Brown . Nelson, R,. Jacobs,B,. et al, P. R. (2010). Enabling natural resource manager to self-assess their adaptive capacity. Agicultural Systems, 103(May), 562–568.
CFS, 2012. Coming to Terms with Food Security, Nutrition Security, Food Security and Nutrition, Food and Nutrition Security, Available at: http://www.fao.org/docrep/meeting/026/MD776E.pdf
Daniels, M., and L. Adair. 2004. Growth in Young Filipino Children Predicts Schooling Trajectories Through High School. The Journal of Nutrition 134 (6): 1439–1446.
Defiesta, G., & Rapera, C. L. (2014). Measuring Adaptive Capacity of Farmers to Climate Change and Variability: Application of a Composite Index to an Agricultural Community in the Philippines. Journal of Environmental Science and Management, 17(2), 48–62.
Deressa, T., Hassan, R. M., & Ringler, C. (2008). Measuring Ethiopian farmers’ vulnerability to climate change across regional states. Food Policy, 806(October), 32. Retrieved from http://www.ifpri.org/publication/measuring-ethiopian-farmers-vulnerability-climate-change-across-regional-states
DFID. (1999). Sustainable Livelihoods Guidance Sheets. London, UK: Department for International Development.
Doocy, S., Teferra, S., Norell, D., & Burnham, G. (2005). Credit program outcomes: coping capacity and nutritional status in the food insecure context of Ethiopia. Social science & medicine, 60(10), 2371-2382.
Ellis, F. (2000). 2000. Rural livelihoods and diversity in developing countries. Oxford, UK.: Oxford University Press.
Engle PL, Menon P & Haddad L (1997). Care and nutrition: Concepts and measurements. FCND Discussion Paper No. 18, IFPRI, Washington, D.C. USA
Engle, N. L. (2011). Adaptive capacity and its assessment. Global Environnemental Change, 21(2), 647–656. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2011.01.019
FAO (2016). La situation mondiale de l’alimentation et de l’agriculture. Changement climatique, agriculture et sécurité alimentaire. Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture. Rome, Italie.
FAO (2018). Analyse de la résilience en Mauritanie. Rome. 60 pp. License: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
Frankenberger, T. R., Oshaug, A., and Smith, L. C., 1997. A definition of nutrition security. CARE Mimeo.
Grantham-McGregor, S., and S. Walker. 1998. Health and Nutritional Determinants of School Failure, Nutrition, Health and Child Development Research Advances and Policy Recommendations. Washington, DC: PAN American Health Organization.
Gupta Termeer, C., Klostermann, J., Meijerink, S., Brink, M. V., Jong, P., J. (2010). The Adaptive Capacity Wheel: A method to assess the inherent characteristic of institutions to enable the adaptive sapacity of Society. Environmental Science and Policy, 459–471
Headey, D., and Ecker, O., 2012. Improving the Measurement of Food Security, IFPRI Discussion Paper 01225, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, D. C.
Hoffman, D., Cacciola, T., Barrios, P., & Simon, J. (2017). Temporal changes and determinants of childhood nutritional status in Kenya and Zambia. Journal of health, population and nutrition, 36(1), 1-13.
Issahaku, D. (2019). Exploring the Link between Adaptive Capacity and Nutritional Needs of Low-Income Households in Karaga District of the Northern Region of Ghana (Doctoral dissertation, University of Ghana).
Jakobsen, K. (2011). Using a livelihood asset-based approach for measuring risk-management abilities and adaptation policy targeting. A Paper Presented at the ICARUS II Conference, May 5-8, 2011 at University of Michigan, USA, Retrieved January 22, 2012.
Kosaka, S., & Umezaki, M. (2017). A systematic review of the prevalence and predictors of the double burden of malnutrition within households. British Journal of Nutrition, 117(8), 1118-1127.
Kuriakose, A., Bizkova, L., & Bachofen, C. (2009). Assessing Vulnerability and Adaptive Capacity to Climate Risks.
Lockwood, M., Raymond, C. M., Oczkowski, E., & Morrison, M. (2015). Measuring the dimensions of adaptive capacity: A psychometric approach. Ecology and Society, 20(1). https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-07203-200137
Ludi, E., & Slater, R. (2008). The poverty-wellbeing platform Using the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework to understand and tackle poverty. Briefing Note for the Poverty–Wellbeing Platform.
Martins, V., et al. 2011. Long-Lasting Effects of Undernutrition. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 8 (6): 1817–1846.
MINADER et al., 2020, Analyse cadre harmonisé « Identification des zones à risque et des populations en insécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle ». Yaoundé, Cameroun.
Nabwera, H. M., Fulford, A. J., Moore, S. E., & Prentice, A. M. (2017). Growth faltering in rural Gambian children after four decades of interventions: a retrospective cohort study. The Lancet Global Health, 5(2), e208-e216.
Nelson, R., Kokic, P., Crimp, S., Meinke, H., & Howden, S. M. (2010). The vulnerability of Australian rural communities to climate variability and change: Part I- Conceptualising and measuring vulnerability. Environmental Science and Policy, 13(1), 8–17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2009.09.006
Nelson, R., Kokic, P., Elliston, L., & Jo-Anne, K. (2005). Structural Adjustment: A Vulnerability Index for Australian Broadacre Agriculture. Australian Commodities: Forecasts and Issues, 12(1), 171–179.
Nti, C. A. (2008). Household dietary practices and family nutritional status in rural Ghana. Nutrition research and practice, 2(1), 35.
Osei, R. D., & Lambon-Quayefio, M. P. (2021) Effects of Long-Term Malnutrition on Education Outcomes in Ghana: Evidence from a Panel Study. The European Journal of Development Research, 1-21.
Pangaribowo, E. H.; Gerber, N.; Torero, M. (2013) : Food and nutrition security indicators: A review, ZEF Working Paper Series, No. 108, University of Bonn, Center for Development Research (ZEF), Bonn
Pelling, M., & High, C. (2005). Understanding adaptation: What can social capital offer assessments of adaptive capacity? Global Environmental Change, 15(4), 308–319. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2005.02.001
Piya, L. of A. C. and A. P. in R. to C. C. and E. among the C. H. in R. M.-H. of N. (2012). Comparison of Adaptive Capacity and Adaptation Practices in Response to Climate Change and Extremes among the Chepang Households in Rural Mid-Hills of Nepal. International Association of Agricultural Economists (IAAE) Triennial Conference, 18(4), 18–24.
Robeyns, I. (2005). The capability approach: a theoretical survey. Journal of human development, 6(1), 93-117.
Tetteh Anang, B., Sipiläinen, T. A. I., Bäckman, S. T., & Kola, J. T. S. (2015). Factors influencing smallholder farmers' access to agricultural microcredit in Northern Ghana. African Journal of Agricultural Research.
Tiwari, S., Skoufias, E., & Sherpa, M. (2013). Shorter, cheaper, quicker, better: Linking measures of household food security to nutritional outcomes in Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan, Uganda, and Tanzania. The World Bank.
UNHCR (2005): Measuring Mortality, Nutritional Status and Food Security in Crisis Situations: THE SMART PROTOCOL Version 1. Final Draft. https://www.unhcr.org/45f6b2c42.pdf
Vincent, K. (2004). Creating an index of social vulnerability to climate change for Africa. Tyndall Center for Climate Change Research., 56(August), 41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2011.09.018
Waswa, L. M., Jordan, I., Herrmann, J., Krawinkel, M. B., & Keding, G. B. (2015). Community-based educational intervention improved the diversity of complementary diets in western Kenya: results from a randomized controlled trial. Public health nutrition, 18(18), 3406-3419.
Weingärtner, L., 2010. The Concept of Food and Nutrition Security, in K. Klennert (ed.), Achieving Food and Nutrition Security: actions to meet the global challenge – A training course reader (3rd Edition), Inwent, Bonn.
Ziaei, S., Contreras, M., Blandón, E. Z., Persson, L. Å., Hjern, A., & Ekström, E. C. (2015). Women’s autonomy and social support and their associations with infant and young child feeding and nutritional status: community-based survey in rural Nicaragua. Public health nutrition, 18(11), 1979-1990.