Organic food products: An analysis of factors affecting the buying behaviour

Gagandeep Kaur1 & Monika Rana2

1 Assistant professor, Management, Ludhiana College of Engineering and Technology, Katani Kalan, Ludhiana, India

2 Research Scholar (SRF), Punjabi University, Patiala, India

Article History

Received: 3 July 2022       Revised: 18 November 2022       Accepted: 25 November 2022     Available Online: 5 December 2022

Keywords: organic foods, consumer behavior, buying behavior, influence

JEL classification: M30; M31; M38

Citation: Kaur, G. & Rana, M. (2022). Organic food products: An analysis of factors affecting the buying behaviour, Review of Socio-Economic Perspectives, 7(4), 21-30.


Consumer behavior being one of the most challenging areas in marketing focuses on the purchasing, consuming and using products and services. Consumer Behavior is largely impacted by social, psychological, cultural and personal factors. In the recent years the trend towards the consumption of organic foods has grown largely. Organic Foods have been long considered to be more nutritious, health and ecologically sound compared to ordinary foods. Although, Organic Foods come for a price which is expensive than any other conventional foods, people are ready to pay the extra amount. The study aims to analyze the factors that influence that buying behavior of a consumer when s/he purchases an organic food product. This study uses independent t-test, ANOVA techniques to confirm the results from the data that has been collected. According to this study, price, subjective norms, and understanding of health issues are some of the elements that have a significant impact on how consumers feel abo4ut buying organic food. Other than the confirmed factors ‘availability’ is another factor that affects the consumer attitude. One can infer from the obtained results that these factors not only influence buyers point of view towards the organic food but it also influences the buying behavior of the consumer. Additionally, age, education, and income are some of the key elements that affect real purchasing behaviour. This research also help to better understand how consumers feel about the organic food business as a whole and their purchasing habits and intentions. The findings of the study have their suggestions for the market's merchants, regulatory bodies, and organic food industry businesses. Towards the end, this research comes up with instructions and recommendations for marketers and merchants who work with organic goods and want to grow the organic food sector.

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Article Type: Original Paper


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